In his quest to conquer the world Napoleon Bonaparte entered Egypt in the late months of 1798 and stayed throughout 1799 until they were defeated by the English in 1802. During his Egyptian invasion, Bonaparte- a man who valued a world renowned education – demanded his men capture any and all important cultural artifacts for France. In the time that his troops were in Egypt, one of his men discovered a black basalt slab that barely peered through the sand on July 19, 1799. What this man had just discovered would change the scientific world dramatically. This stone, located approximately thirty-five miles north of Alexandria just outside the town of Rosetta, is now referred to as the Rosetta stone. The stone itself is inscribed with three different languages: Ancient Greek, Egyptian Hieroglyphs, and Egyptian demotic. Some archeologists were able to read the Greek on the stone which described why the stone was made- a gift to honor Pharaoh Ptolemy V- and that each of the passages were identical. Due to their identical nature, scientists like Englishman Thomas Young were able to partially decipher the Hieroglyphs- a task that was completed by Frenchman Jean-Francois Champollion. Finally the world archeological network could further understand the Egyptian culture and language. Since Bonaparte was defeated by the British in 1802 the stone has been in British Possession since and is still housed at the British Museum in London to this day.