Things started looking up for the United States by 1867, just two short years after the end of the Civil War and Lincoln’s assassination. As feuds began to settle and reconstruction began in the South, the States grew even further westward with the induction of Nebraska into the Union and the Alaska purchase from Russia. Even Philadelphia had some positivity stem from the end of the war as street cars became desegregated and the need for preservation became apparent as locals formed new conservation and protection groups.
Just ten years earlier, Snowden pushed the flying eagle one-sent through production to quell consumer complaints about the large cents, but because of its illegality it was time for a change by 1858 and the head designer was commissioned once again to design a coin. Longacre was a seemingly ambitious man who designed twelve new designs to strike in 1858, all of which were and this year was considered to have the most coin varieties in U.S. History. While these twelve designs were an amazing feat, Snowden decided a single design would be better and wanted one with Columbus on the face. Longacre disagreed and designed an even better coin that both men and the entirety of the United States would like. As one of the most beloved coin designs, the Indian Head coins saw few changes during the Civil War Period despite losing half of the country. The most major change, however, was the material upon which it was made. Bronze, a nearly pure copper alloy took place of the copper-nickel metal used before in an effort to lighten the coins weight and keep up with the Civil War tokens of 1864; this change was considerably beneficial and stuck through with the design until 1909.