1870 GOLD G$1, TYPE 3 MS67

Grading Service: PCGS
SKU: 127778
Cert Number: 32601846

For several decades after the Civil War, African-Americans faced a variety of obstacles, somewhat different from those they had faced before. Fortunately though, certain privileges did slowly become available as time progressed and new laws passed. The most notable laws such as: the thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth amendments and other Reconstruction Acts provided the greatest changes for the community such as the abolition of slavery, more equality, and suffrage rights to males. In conjunction with these laws, African-Americans could now run for state and government offices; on February 25, 1870, this became reality for the first time when Hiram Rhodes Revels was sworn in. Revels - a southern born man whose ancestral line was always free "as far back as [his] memory extend[ed]" - lived in North Carolina when it was illegal for him to be educated, but still managed to earn some schooling. After completing his primary schooling, he worked as a barber before he finished his higher education at the Beech Grove Quaker Seminary in Liberty, Indiana and the Darke County Seminary for Black Students in Ohio. Once he earned his degrees, he was ordained in the African Methodist Episcopal Church after which he took up his first pastorate. Many attribute his extraordinary oratory skills to his pastoral practices and believe this is what made him so great in politics. He remained in his religious duties throughout the Civil War where he was a chaplain for the Union Army. Revels also helped form African regiments for the Union Army and started a school for freed men during this time. Following the war, he remained in Mississippi where he became deeply involved in re- constructionist politics. By 1870 the south had finally been fully readmitted back into the Union and was widely under republican control, thanks in large part to African-American voters. On January 20, 1870, Revels was elected to fill the Mississippi senate seat that had been left vacant by Jefferson Davis and sworn in a month later. After Revels had paved the way, another fifteen African-American men took seats in the Senate during reconstruction, some six hundred served in state legislatures, and hundreds more held local offices - essentially changing history for the better.

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