The term “curiosity killed the cat” meant nothing to the American archaeologists and explorers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It was often all or nothing for these men who would aim to discover mythological lands since they would usually out themselves in considerable danger. American archeologist, Hiram Bingham experienced no exceptions to the trials and tribulations of exploration, especially on his quest to uncover the “lost” city of Machu Picchu. This mysterious city had been the object of speculation for some time; it was thought to be a summer retreat for Incan Rulers and few knew of its whereabouts. Prior to 1911 it was not even known to exist since the Spanish invasion of the sixteenth century nearly wiped out the Incan people. Still, thanks to a hearty dose of curiosity and the strength for great exploration Bingham set out across the rocky terrain of the Peruvian forest in hopes of discovery. In part to underdeveloped areas, Bingham had to travel from Cuzco to a small isolated city at the base of the mountain range by mule and foot. Upon arrival he received assistance from a local farmer who pointed out the ruins at the top of the mountains and claimed there were more to be seen. This famer had dubbed the mountain Machu Picchu, which meant “old peak” in the native Quechua language. The next day Bingham was set to head up the mountain where he hoped his hard work would pay off. After he and his crew made their difficult trek up the ridge, a group of peasants gleefully helped the archaeologists the rest of the way up. Finally, near the end of the day on July 24th, Bingham laid eyes on the spectacle that was Machu Picchu. From his trip Bingham returned home and recorded his discovery in a best-selling novel that made Peru a hot-spot for tourists. Soon the once hidden city became the gem of the century and is still considered one of the world’s most famous man-made marvels.