1868 10C J-647 PR66+

Grading Service: PCGS
SKU: 137672
Cert Number: 34153521
Bring This Coin to Life
In the year 1868, a series of pivotal events unfolded, significantly impacting the political, scientific, and social landscapes both in the United States and globally. One of the most profound changes came with the ratification of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution on July 9, marking a cornerstone in civil rights legislation. This amendment not only granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, including former slaves, but it also promised equal protection under the laws, a principle that would echo through the ages in the fight for equality and justice. The same year witnessed the unprecedented impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, the first such event in U.S. history. Johnson faced charges primarily for his violation of the Tenure of Office Act, after he dismissed Edwin M. Stanton, the Secretary of War, in a move that underscored the deep political divisions of the Reconstruction era. The Senate's trial ended in Johnson's acquittal by a mere one-vote margin, illustrating the precarious balance of political power and the intense scrutiny on the limits of presidential authority. In the realm of presidential politics, 1868 also saw the election of Ulysses S. Grant as the 18th President of the United States. A hero of the Civil War, Grant's presidency would be marked by efforts to enforce civil rights for freed slaves and to support Reconstruction in the South, although his administration would later be marred by corruption. His leadership during this turbulent period was a critical factor in the ongoing struggle to define the post-war American identity and to secure the rights of all citizens. Meanwhile, a scientific breakthrough occurred with the first observation of helium during a solar eclipse on August 18, 1868, by astronomers Jules Janssen and Joseph Norman Lockyer. This discovery of a new element, which would not be found on Earth until later, highlighted the era's advancements in scientific knowledge and exploration. The identification of helium—a gas that would later prove essential in fields ranging from cryogenics to space exploration—underscored the period's spirit of discovery and innovation, bridging the gap between the known and the unknown in the natural world. Together, these events from 1868 illustrate a year of profound significance, marked by strides toward equality and justice, challenges to political norms, and groundbreaking scientific discoveries, each shaping the course of history in enduring ways.
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